Wednesday, September 20, 2017

CLASS 1 NOTES on STORY ELEMENTS

ARCHETYPES are recurring patterns of human behavior, symbolized by standard types of characters in movies and stories.

HEROES
Central figures in stories.  Everyone is the hero of his or her own myth.

SHADOWS
Villains and enemies, perhaps the enemy within.  The dark side of the Force, the repressed possibilities of the hero, his or her potential for evil.  Can be other kinds of repression, such as repressed grief, anger, frustration or creativity that is dangerous if it doesn’t have an outlet.

MENTORS
The hero’s guide or guiding principles.  Yoda, Merlin, a great coach or teacher.
HERALD
One who brings the Call to Adventure.  Could be a person or an event.

THRESHOLD GUARDIANS
The forces that stand in the way at important turning points, including jealous enemies, professional gatekeepers, or your own fears and doubts.

SHAPESHIFTERS
In stories, creatures like vampires or werewolves who change shape.  In life, the shapeshifter represents change.  The way other people (or our perceptions of them) keep changing.  The opposite sex, the way people can be two-faced.

TRICKSTERS
Clowns and mischief-makers, Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck, Richard Pryor and Eddie Murphy.  Our own mischievous subconscious, urging us to change.

ALLIES
Characters who help the hero through the change.  Sidekicks, buddies, girlfriends who advise the hero through the transitions of life.